Miki Shima was originally trained as a linguist and holds a Master’s degree in general linguistics from the University of Michigan. At the age of 15 he began taking classes in classical Chinese, a study that has continued to the present. Before coming to America, Shima was trained by Irie Tadashi, L.Ac., in acupuncture, by Terutane Yamada, M.D., in Kampo herbal medicine, and by Grand Master Sango Kobayashi in the art of Yi jing in a traditional apprenticeship for many years. He passed the California Acupuncture Board Examination in 1979 and was appointed to the State Acupuncture Board in 1982 by Gov. Edmund Brown. After serving on the board for seven years, he was elected President of the California Acupuncture Association in 1989. He obtained his Doctorate of Oriental Medicine (OMD) from American Graduate School of Oriental Medicine on the subject of Shang Han Lun Formula Analysis in 1985, and was given a Life Time Achievement Award from the American Association of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (AAAOM) in 2004. He has taught over 200 clinical workshops and has published Medical I Ching, Channel Divergences (with Charles Chace), and 16 clinical DVDs on Japanese acupuncture and Kampo medicine. He is now in private practice in Corte Madera, California.